Here is the first in an occasional series on the origins for surnames in Andrew’s Kindred.
From: Reany, P H, (ed. Wilson, R M), 1997, Oxford Dictionary of English Surnames, 3rd ed., OUP, Oxford, unless otherwise stated.
This name is not covered by Reany. It may be from Abelard. Pierre Abélard, (1079-1142) was a French theologian and philosopher. His famous love affair is presented in Abelard and Heloise.
Thomas Ady 1327 Subsidy Roll Worcestershire; William Adee 1524 Subsidy Roll Suffolk. A pet-form of Ade (Adam).
Old French arbelastier, a soldier armed with a crossbowman. Could also be a crossbow maker.
Dweller by or at the hermitage. Old French, ermite and Old English stede, place.
From Astbury, Cheshire.
From Adkins. Various, including John Adekeynes 1332 Subsidy Roll Warwickshire; William Atkyn 1441 Sheffield Manorial Records. Ade-kin a pet from of Adam. [Adam’s kin?]
Son of Atkin.
Dweller by the wood.