When I first encountered an ancestor whose name was Medlicott I thought it was just another name, but then I learned the Medlicotts were from a place named Medlicott. Generally speaking, that means they were either slaves or gentry. Then I found a history online: gentry, landed gentry. So who were these Medlicotts?
The latest in my ad hoc series on surname origins.
Based on: Reaney, P H, (ed. Wilson, R M), 1997, Oxford Dictionary of English Surnames, 3rd ed., OUP, Oxford, unless otherwise stated.
Earliest in Andrew’s Kindred: Andrew Talbot. born about 1840, Oakthorpe, Derbyshire.
There are competing theories. One is derived from Old French Talbot, a wooden billet hung round the neck of an animal to prevent straying. However, the root that seems to have more credence as a personal name is derived from the Normandy dialect talebot, literally lampblack, after robbers who blacked their faces to avoid recognition. Continue reading “T is for …”→
This is the second in a series about causes of death in Andrew’s Kindred, following on from Browns’ End. Here I focus on my Carter ancestors, the latest of whom was Florence Carter, my maternal grandmother. Continue reading “Carters’ End”→
This is another blog about the brave men commemorated on the cenotaph at St James, Brownhills, Staffordshire. Here is what I have been able to find out about Private Edward Price, killed in action on the Somme battlefield, one hundred years ago today in 1918. Continue reading “Private 39588 Edward Price”→
Luanne, the author of a blog I follow, The Family Kalamazoo, posted a piece about the cause of death of some of her female ancestors. Over the years I have accumulated several records, but, unlike Luanne, had not thought to consider them together. In this first post on the topic I will focus on my Brown ancestry. The only one I can remember is my mother.
Further exploration of those commemorated on the war memorial at St James, Brownhills, West Midlands.
Private 9704. Killed in action, France & Flanders, 29 Jun 1915. Sth Staffs Regt, 2nd Battalion, D Company.
1911 census: Lichfield Road, Brownhills, William Bromley, boarder with William and Sarah Ann Sands, colliery labourer underground. Not far from Railway Tavern. William was born at Stafford in about 1877.
In earlier censuses there are too many records for men named William Bromley born Stafford about the right time to work out which one is pertinent.
COMRADE REPORTS BROWNHILLS SOLDIER’S DEATH.
From Walsall Observer and South Staffordshire Chronicle 17 July 1915
Writing from the Front to Mr. William Colley, of Church Street, Brownhills, expressing deepest sympathy with them in the death of their son William, a local soldier. Private E. Tunshall, 2nd South Staffords, mentions that another Brownhills man in the same company (D) to lose his life was William Bromley, more familiarly known as “Squat,” who joined the regiment about the same time as the first battle of Ypres, and was killed in a recent bombardment. “He was a good soldier,” adds the writer, “and distinguished himself by carrying in wounded under fire at Festubert last May.” Going to the Front with the First Expeditionary Force, Private Tunshall states that he has had several lucky escapes. He was with the Staffords in the retreat from Mons, and took part in the battles of the Marne, Aisne, Ypres, Givency, Neuve-Chappelle, and latterly at Festubert and Richeburg.
Ypres: 19 Oct – 11 Nov 1914 (According to the letter Pte Bromley joined the Battalion about this time.)
Cuinchy: 1 & 6 Feb 1915
Festubert: 15 May (The first night offensive of the war.) Position: between Cuinchy and Neuve-Chapelle.
In the letter is “last May”, but it could not have been May 1914, so, presumably, Pte Bromley’s rescue of wounded men must have been May 1915, perhaps at Festubert.
Private 6054 E Tunstall
Tunshall looked like a typo from the start. I am unable to find an E Tunshall, but there was a Private E Tunstall, born Brownhills, serving with the Sth Staffords, listed as wounded on 4 Sep 1916, and entitled to wear a Wound Stripe.
According to the Walsall Observer and South Staffordshire Chronicle 1 July 1916, MEN WHO HAVE FOUGHT FOR THE MOTHERLAND, Private E Tunstall (Royal Engineers) of Watling Street, Brownhills, sustained a shattered knee and had a leg amputated.
I believe this 1911 census record is right: At Newtown, Brownhills, Nr. Walsall, Edward Tunstall, son (should be stepson?) 27, single, coal miner loader, born Brownhills [about 1884].
From the War Diary:
CAMBRIN June 29: Battalion holding same line. 2nd Lieut. W DRAYCOTT WOOD was killed by a sniper whilst throwing bombs into a crater. … The enemy shelled our positions from 9 a.m. to 10.45 a.m. with 6″ high explosive projectiles, causing considerable damage to the front line trenches. The casualties sustained by us were slight, the total from 5 p.m. the previous day to 5 p.m. today being 1 Officer killed , 9 other ranks wounded. … At 5.35 p.m. The Germans lined their parapet. Our artillery opened fire. Simultaneously our troops opened with rapid fire accompanied by loud cheering all along the line. The enemy’s fire increased denoting that their front trenches were reinforced by their supports. At 5.45 p.m. the main mine was exploded. It is assumed that the enemy must have suffered heavily. Our casualties were 7 men killed, 1 man wounded. A man of the 1/King’s Regiment attached to the machine-gun section was wounded. …
So, one assumes Private Bromley was among the 7 killed that day, and, going on Pte Tunstall’s letter, probably during the shelling that morning.
I have not yet found where he is commemorated.
Ancestry.co.uk – England census, war diary.
Forces War Records (online) – movements and actions, basic record.